12 Types of Accountants and Different Areas of Accountancy

Accountancy, often regarded as the language of business, holds a pivotal role in every organization. It encompasses a diverse spectrum of specializations to cater to the unique financial needs of businesses and individuals. In this article, we delve into the fascinating world of accountancy, shedding light on different types of accountants and the services they provide. We also introduce you to the ‘big four’ accountancy firms and unveil the intriguing landscape of accountancy in the United Kingdom.

Different Types of Accountants - Navigating the Specializations

Accounting offers a plethora of opportunities for specialization, allowing accountants to become experts in their chosen domains. Depending on the specific needs of an organization, different types of accountants offer a range of services. Here are 12 distinct types of accountants and their primary roles:


  • Average Salary: £23,533 per year
  • Primary Duties: The bookkeeping services offered by a bookkeeper include managing financial records, balance accounts, process invoices, handle payments and receipts, prepare cash flow statements, and complete VAT returns. They also file financial documents and assist with invoicing for tax purposes.

Accounting Technician

  • Average Salary: £24,437 per year
  • Primary Duties: Accounting technicians support financial account preparation, bookkeeping, invoicing, payroll, and tax return activities. This role often serves as an excellent starting point in the field.
  • Average Salary: £32,342 per year
  • Primary Duties: Auditors examine financial records, both internally and externally. Internal auditors focus on financial statements, tax matters, and compliance, while external auditors review internal financial statements and provide feedback, ensuring adherence to accounting standards.
Chartered Accountant
  • Average Salary: £34,988 per year
  • Primary Duties: Chartered accountants work in various sectors, including public practice, public service, or industry. They conduct audits, offer financial advice, and handle tasks like forensic accounting and insolvency accounting.
Management Accountant
  • Average Salary: £35,940 per year
  • Primary Duties: Management accountants oversee financial planning, supervise accounting teams, and produce reports for senior management. They play a pivotal role in shaping business strategies to enhance shareholder value.
Payroll Manager
  • Average Salary: £36,159 per year
  • Primary Duties: Payroll managers ensure accurate salary calculations, compliance with tax and employment laws, and smooth payroll operations. They also conduct payroll audits to uphold government legislation.
Cost Accountant
  • Average Salary: £36,912 per year
  • Primary Duties: Cost accountants analyze a company’s manufacturing costs to determine product profitability. They identify expenses and aim to reduce financial waste to boost profits.
Public Financial Accountant
  • Average Salary: £39,225 per year
  • Primary Duties: Public financial accountants in the civil service manage resource allocation for government departments, conduct internal audits, and estimate project costs.
Financial Accountant
  • Average Salary: £42,568 per year
  • Primary Duties: Financial accountants prepare financial reports post-audit, offering recommendations and forecasting. They ensure legal compliance and auditing requirements are met.
Tax Accountant
  • Average Salary: £43,644 per year
  • Primary Duties: Tax return accountants navigate tax legislation, ensure accurate tax filings, and devise strategies to minimize tax liability. They provide guidance on indirect taxation, such as customs planning and VAT.
Investment Fund Manager
  • Average Salary: £55,415 per year
  • Primary Duties: Investment fund managers handle client financial accounts, managing assets and finances. They prioritize their clients’ interests and work with various financial professionals.
Forensic Accountant
  • Average Salary: £57,757 per year
  • Primary Duties: Forensic accountants in London investigate financial discrepancies, missing information, or fraudulent practices. They gather and analyze data to build accurate financial profiles and support legal cases.
Exploring the Diversity of Accountancy Fields

Accountancy practices extends its reach across multiple sectors to meet the diverse demands of businesses. Accountants often specialize in areas aligned with their career goals and interests. The primary sectors of accountancy include:

  • Industry and Commerce: Accounting for private companies, ensuring smooth financial operations.
  • Education: Academic accounting research conducted by professors, authors, and researchers.
  • Public Sector: Managing accounts for government departments, NGOs, and charities, promoting financial transparency and accountability.
The Landscape of Accountancy in the UK: A Statistical Glimpse

The United Kingdom boasts a robust community of accountants who contribute significantly to its economic landscape. If you exactly want to know the answer to how many accountants in the UK, you can get in touch with Interface Accountants for such information.

In conclusion, the world of accountancy is both diverse and dynamic, offering an array of specializations to cater to various financial needs. Whether you seek the expertise of Accountants in Slough, Accountants in Reading, or Accountants in Ealing, the field of accountancy provides essential services that drive the financial success of businesses. From managing company accounts and VAT returns to offering tax return and bookkeeping services, accountants play an integral role in shaping the financial landscapes of organizations across the UK.